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Caustics are any chemical substance with a corrosive property that results specifically in burning or destruction of living organic tissue. This property applies to a wide variety of strong and weak acids and bases. As well as chemical compounds that by themselves are not corrosive but when a reagent is introduced become caustic to varying degrees.


Caustics are not always as volatile as they sound and can be found in everyday use ranging from dehydrating agents, food preservatives, topical antibacterial agents, strong oxidizers such as hydrogen peroxide and plumbing aids.